Introduction to Go,Weiqi,Baduk Board Game



A game that very simple and easy to learn
But very hard to be master.

Weiqi was developed in China more than 2500 yrs. ago

Spread to Korea(Baduk) and Japan(Go), in about the 5th and 7th centuries CE respectively, boards with a 19×19 grid had become standard.

As of mid-2008 there were well over 40 million Go players worldwide, the overwhelming majority living in East Asia.As of May 2012, the International Go Federation has a total of 74 member countries and four Association Members covering multiple countries.

Einstein with Go Professional

In 1996, NASA astronaut Daniel Barry and Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata became the first people to play Go in space

Objective

Go is an adversarial game with the objective of surrounding more territory than one's opponent. As the game progresses, the board gets divided up into areas of territory, as outlined by groups of stones. These areas are then contested in local battles, which are often complicated, and may result in the expansion, reduction, or wholesale capture and loss of the contested area.

Compare to Chess

Easier to learn, harder to master
Built in Handicap System
Unlimited possibilities(more creative)
No computer yet able to play at master level
(All computers are far from master level)


The rank system 
Rank TypeRangeStage
Double-digitkyu30–21kBeginner
Double-digitkyu20–11kCasual player
Single-digitkyu10–1kIntermediate/club player
Amateur dan1–7d (where 8d is special title)Advanced player
Professionaldan1–9p (where 10p is special title)Professionals

There many tournament
  • Ing Cup The winner's purse is $500,000. The current title holder (2008) is Choi Cheol-han.
  • BC Card Cup is a tournament sponsored by BC Card every year. The winner's purse is 300,000,000 Won/$300,000. The current title holder (2011) is Lee Sedol.
  • LG Cup The winner's purse is 250,000,000 Won/$250,000. The current title holder (2011) is Piao Wenyao.
  • Samsung Cup The winner's prize is 250,000,000 Won/$250,000. The current title holder (2011) is Won Seong-jin.
  • Chunlan Cup is a tournament sponsored by the Chunlan Group of China every two years. The winner's purse is 1,200,000 Yuan/$170,000. The current title holder (2011) is Lee Sedol.
  • Fujitsu Cup is a tournament sponsored by Fujitsu and Yomiuri Shimbun. The winner's purse is 15,000,000 Yen/$141,000. The current title holder (2011) is Park Junghwan.
This is 13x13 game 
(;GM[1]FF[4]CA[UTF-8]AP[CGoban:3]ST[2] RU[Japanese]SZ[13]KM[6.50]TM[900]OT[3x10 byo-yomi] PW[Fifteenk]PB[umgalaxys]WR[8k]BR[8k]DT[2012-08-13]PC[The KGS Go Server at http://www.gokgs.com/]RE[B+Resign] ;B[jj]BL[898.097]C[umgalaxys [8k\]: gg Fifteenk [8k\]: hi ] ;W[kd]WL[894.878] ;B[dk]BL[896.942]C[Fifteenk [8k\]: gg ] ;W[dc]WL[889.71] ;B[ce]BL[894.769] ;W[cd]WL[887.803] ;B[de]BL[891.815] ;W[ck]WL[883.503] ;B[cj]BL[889.469] ;W[cl]WL[880.418] ;B[dl]BL[885.798] ;W[bj]WL[878.095] ;B[ci]BL[882.23] ;W[bi]WL[876.72] ;B[ch]BL[879.673] ;W[bl]WL[874.805] ;B[kk]BL[876.083] ;W[ki]WL[866.722] ;B[kg]BL[873.864] ;W[kh]WL[864.401] ;B[jg]BL[871.761] ;W[ie]WL[856.785] ;B[hf]BL[868.847] ;W[if]WL[853.843] ;B[ig]BL[867.205] ;W[gf]WL[852.191] ;B[he]BL[864.412] ;W[ge]WL[849.792] ;B[hd]BL[860.886] ;W[gd]WL[847.833] ;B[gg]BL[844.483] ;W[fg]WL[841.762] ;B[fh]BL[836.178] ;W[gh]WL[840.174] ;B[hg]BL[834.355] ;W[eh]WL[838.761] ;B[fi]BL[832.409] ;W[ei]WL[836.518] ;B[eg]BL[828.382] ;W[ff]WL[831.574] ;B[gi]BL[825.72] ;W[ej]WL[827.434] ;B[dj]BL[822.59] ;W[fk]WL[825.367] ;B[hk]BL[811.471] ;W[dg]WL[821.74] ;B[ef]BL[808.779] ;W[df]WL[819.541] ;B[ee]BL[807.103] ;W[dh]WL[815.76] ;B[cg]BL[784.671] ;W[cf]WL[812.95] ;B[bf]BL[779.69] ;W[bg]WL[805.568] ;B[bh]BL[768.858] ;W[be]WL[804.24] ;B[ag]BL[766.691] ;W[bd]WL[802.416] ;B[ek]BL[763.243] ;W[fj]WL[800.007] ;B[fl]BL[760.989] ;W[ed]WL[794.943] ;B[gk]BL[754.27] ;W[fe]WL[791.211] ;B[gc]BL[746.471] ;W[fd]WL[789.487] ;B[jc]BL[731.423] ;W[jd]WL[786.678] ;B[id]BL[724.883] ;W[kc]WL[783.128] ;B[jb]BL[721.625] ;W[kb]WL[781.374] ;B[le]BL[716.799] ;W[ja]WL[775.967] ;B[ld]BL[708.131] ;W[ib]WL[770.31] ;B[ic]BL[705.225] ;W[gb]WL[763.737] ;B[hb]BL[702.314] ;W[ia]WL[761.642] ;B[fb]BL[695.265] ;W[fc]WL[755.446] ;B[ga]BL[692.951] ;W[lf]WL[747.939] ;B[ke]BL[688.011] ;W[lg]WL[744.842] ;B[kf]BL[667.684] ;W[lj]WL[742.198] ;B[lk]BL[665.014] ;W[mh]WL[738.217] ;B[mj]BL[653.5] ;W[mf]WL[731.092] ;B[mi]BL[636.874] ;W[li]WL[727.189] ;B[mk]BL[634.622] ;W[gj]WL[723.536] ;B[hi]BL[630.519] ;W[hj]WL[722.327] ;B[ij]BL[628.631] ;W[dd]WL[709.901] ;B[hh]BL[612.218] ;W[je]WL[701.546]C[Fifteenk [8k\]: thx umgalaxys [8k\]: ty ])

This is my first comment game

(; GM[1]FF[4]VW[]AP[Many Faces of Go version 12.010] SZ[19] HA[0] ST[0] PB[Um] PW[The Many Faces of Go] DT[2012-05-23] KM[6.5] RU[Japanese] RE[B+R] BR[5 Kyu] WR[6 Kyu] C[This is my first comment game This game fight with Computer(name many face of go) rank 6k I'm black rank 7k computer play white http://umitems.blogspot.com/] ;B[pp];W[cd];B[dp] C[I don't usally open with two star points. This game I will try new style.] ;W[oc];B[jq] C[reinforcement both star point] ;W[qn];B[rp] C[answer white. It is possible to attack white with R8 but this game I will play not so aggressive] TR[ql] ;W[ck] ;B[jo] C[reinforcement the whole big group] ;W[cn];B[bp] C[I think black has a beautiful shape :)] ;W[bo];B[cp] C[prevent white attack at 3-3 point] ;W[en];B[fo] C[prevent white attack the group] ;W[ec] C[big move next white can develop the big framework with C12 or \ D12] ;B[qd] C[This move I plan to attack the lonelly white at the bottom] ;W[pe] ;B[rf];W[qe];B[re];W[qb];B[qi] C[this move lauch the attack to white at the bottom] ;W[qk];B[pm] C[this move aim to limit the white territory and expand black territory \ in to the center by attack white left side.] ;W[qm];B[pl] C[continue limit white in a small space] ;W[rk] C[I think white has a bad shape] ;B[rn] C[attack vital point doesn't wana kill but just want some profit \ while white try to survive] ;W[qo];B[ro];W[qp];B[qq];W[pk] C[white try to escape] ;B[oi] C[white have two ways to escape I cut the easy way force him to esccape in my territory] ;W[ql] C[prevent black to cut white group] ;B[ok] C[close the only way for white to survive this move is solid and aggressive which is my style.] ;W[ol] C[white try to cut] ;B[om];W[pi];B[pj] C[I want to be sure that white will be killed] ;W[pq] C[white try to attack back in the cornner and Q4 and Q7 mark as \ triangle] TR[pp][pm][pl][om][qq] SQ[rp][ro][rn] ;B[pr] C[protect the cornner because Q7(Square) can survive easily] SQ[pm][pl][om] ;W[oq];B[oo] C[I don't sure this is good move or not Because white can move at R2 or S2 however this move help Q4] TR[rr][qr] SQ[pp] ;W[nl] C[white try kill Q7] SQ[pm][pl][om][oo][pp] ;B[nm] C[prevent the attack] ;W[qr] C[the move that I afraid] ;B[rq] (;W[ml] C[I think even white move P2 he can't kill black cornner] ;B[or] C[In the game I still worry about P2] ;W[op];B[no] C[even white can kill Q4 he still doesn't has an eye This move reinforcement to P7] ;W[ap];B[aq];W[ao];B[bq] C[important move] ;W[fn] ;B[go] C[try not to aggressive] ;W[mq] C[Questionable move] ;B[nq];W[hm];B[jm] C[don't let two white group connect easily] TR[hm][ml] ;W[po];B[np] C[important move] ;W[mj] C[white try to shape up his weak group] ;B[jc] C[this move aim to attack the white weak group in the middle] TR[mj][ml][nl][ol] ;W[lc] ;B[gc] C[make a shape] ;W[fd];B[je] C[continue the plan to attack the weak group] ;W[mh] C[white feel the danger so he try to connect the upper right group] TR[mh][pe][oc] ;B[ni] C[poke his shape while get balck shape stronger] ;W[mi];B[nf] C[disconnect white and try to connect black at the top] SQ[je][nf] ;W[ph] C[good move now black group in danger] SQ[pj][qi][rf][re][oi][ni][ok] ;B[qj] C[simple connect] ;W[pd] ;B[qh] C[reinforecement the group] ;W[lf] C[white try to connect again] ;B[lg] C[disconnect] ;W[ke];B[kf];W[jf];B[kg];W[jd] C[black in danger] ;B[ie];W[ld] ;B[mf] C[disconnect white let the upper group in danger] ;W[id];B[he];W[jg];B[hh] C[expand and make shape to alive and prevent white to escape] TR[jg][mj][ml][jk] ;W[jh];B[ki] C[capture inner group] TR[mh][mi][mj][ml] ;W[ji] C[white continue to seperate black and has a chance to convert the game] ;B[ik] C[black try to connect the weak group] TR[hh][he] ;W[kj] ;B[li] C[bamboo joint] ;W[mm];B[mn];W[ij];B[hk] C[even white cut I think black can make two eyes] ;W[ln];B[lo];W[kn];B[jn];W[ko] ;B[kp];W[lp];B[mo];W[lj];B[pg] C[prevent Q13 which can(may be) convert the game] ;W[ic];B[eh] C[black to make a shape] ;W[hj];B[gj];W[gi] ;B[fj];W[gh] C[now white in the middle is alive] TR[ij][kj][ji][ml] ;B[gg];W[fg];B[jk] C[aim to cut white] TR[kj][lj][ml] ;W[ch] C[cut white big group] ;B[jj];W[hg];B[dm] C[poke white shape] ;W[cm] ;B[dn] C[try to cut white] TR[cm][en] ;W[kl];B[km] C[destroy his eye shape] ;W[fl];B[ek] C[try to capture white] ;W[el];B[dl];W[cl];B[gk] C[connect black group] ;W[dk] ;B[co] C[important move] ;W[jl];B[il];W[kh] C[unexpected move if black connect black will all death with N13] SQ[mg] ;B[le] C[if white not kill black he will has no chance to help his big \ group] ;W[lh];B[kd] C[the only chance to help black group] ;W[im] C[white cut black group the game can be convert] ;B[gm] C[black to connect] ;W[gl] C[white cut] ;B[gn];W[kc];B[ke];W[eg];B[gf] C[aim to kill all white in the middle] ;W[ih];B[dj] C[attack the left group and shape up the black group] ;W[cj];B[di] C[white try to kill black] ;W[hl] ;B[in];W[ci];B[hn];W[eo];B[do] C[important move] ;W[ep];B[eq];W[fp];B[fq];W[gd] ;B[hd] C[I don't sure that black group alive or not it so complex but \ as the computer change the direction of play I guess computer think white will \ die first] ;W[kq];B[jp] C[M7 will be better] ;W[nk];B[oj] C[very important move] ;W[bm] C[prevent black to kill 3 stones] ;B[hc] C[force white to move(Black free move)] ;W[jb];B[lm] C[kill white 3 stone better than J18] ;W[hb] C[prevent J18] ;B[gb];W[fb];B[fc];W[eb];B[ee] C[forcing white to connect then black will move deeper in white \ territory] ;W[df] C[but he didn't] ;B[ed] C[so cut it] ;W[rd];B[sd];W[qc] ;B[ha] C[forcing move] ;W[og] C[black must answer here] ;B[of];W[pf];B[oh];W[dh];B[fm] C[Again I don't sure black is death or alive] ;W[ng];B[md] C[make an eye shape and attack white groups] ;W[ib] ;B[mc];W[mb];B[nb];W[lb];B[nc];W[ob];B[na];W[ll];B[em] C[I still worry bout black in the center] ;W[sc] ;B[qf] C[R14 is better than T15 White resign here black lead around 70 points. because white mark stone is dead] TR[qn][qm][ql][rk][qk][pk][po][qo][qp][qr][pq][op][oq][mq][lp][kq][fn][en][eo][ep][fp][im][hm][hl][gl][fl][el] ) (;W[or];B[rr];W[ps];B[mr];W[mq] (;B[nq];W[np];B[op];W[nr]) (;B[lq];W[mp];B[rs];W[sn];B[so];W[sq];B[sr])))

read more HERE
The rules will be on next article.


ref
http://www.usgo.org/
http://www.gokgs.com
http://gobase.org/information/pictures/?col=pro&offset=10

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